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Pietro Vesconte, world map

Pietro Vesconte, world map

From a manuscript of Marino Sanudo, Secreta fidelium crucis, Venice, produced by 1321

Bodleian Library, University of Oxford, MS Tanner 190, fols 203v–204r

This map is an example of a mappa mundi, a circular map of the world produced in medieval Europe. It was drawn from a map made by the Genoese mapmaker Pietro Vesconte for Marino Sanudo’s Secreta fidelium crucis (Secrets of the faithful of the cross).

Sanudo was a Venetian merchant who travelled extensively in the East and his book outlined his plans for the recovery of the Holy Lands through the revival of the Crusades.

The Holy Lands are positioned at the centre of the map, which has east to the top, and Persia is identified in the area above.